Posts Tagged: canine obesity
Canine Rehab, similar to physical therapy in human medicine, is ideal for dogs that have been injured, undergone surgery or who suffer from arthritis, obesity, or neurological disease. By using Rehabilitation techniques and modalities we can maximize your pet’s ability to recover physically while minimizing his/her pain. Some signs of pain and discomfort are as follows: Sleeps more/ Restlessness, especially at night Lethargic, doesn’t want to walk as much or at all, Cannot jump onto bed or sofa, Pants more, Lameness, Stiffness, Whines or moans for no apparent reason, Irritability or personality changes, any or all of the above but doesn’t seem or act painful. Below is a list of services that we offer.
- Weave Cones
- When walking through vertical weave cones it helps develop coordination and balance while learning to turn and pivot.
- Initial Assessment
- To begin an assessment, the patient is observed at rest and at several gaits. General palpation is performed to determine proper symmetry and muscle atrophy. Postural reflexes, ROM measurements and proprioception testing are performed. Every tendon, ligament, muscle and joint from the tip of the nose to the tail is assessed.
- Cavaletti Rails
- Helps dogs learn how to negotiate obstacles and walk over them by lifting their limbs to the appropriate height.
- Underwater Treadmill
- This is effective for improving strength, muscular endurance, cardio respiratory endurance, ROM, agility, psychological well-being, while minimizing pain; beneficial for post-op fractures, Cranial Cruciate Ligament stabilization, neurological conditions, tendinitis, and conditioning.
- LASER (Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation)
- LASER is used to accelerate wound and joint healing, to promote muscle regeneration, acute and chronic pain control, decrease edema (swelling), neurological conditions, and post–op care. It is measured in Joules/cm² (dose of laser energy).
- Dry Needling
- Dry Needling is the use of either solid filiform needles (acupuncture needles) or hollow-core hypodermic needles for muscle pain from trigger points (knots); sometimes known as intramuscular stimulation.
- A measuring tape with a spring tension device used to measure limb circumference. Measures muscle mass around thigh.
- Device measures joint angles of flexion and extension. The measurements are given in degrees.
- ESTIM (Electrical Stimulation)
- Helps to increase muscle strength, muscle re-education, increasing ROM, correction of structural abnormalities, improving muscle tone, accelerating wound healing, edema (swelling) reduction, muscle spasm reduction, and enhancing trans dermal administration of medication.
- TENS (Trans cutaneous Electrical Stimulation Nerve Stimulation)
- TENS works transcutaneously (through the skin) through surface electrodes to excite nerves
- Is the manipulation of the soft tissues of the body, helps to relieve stress, anxiety and discomfort, helps to reduce muscle spasms and soft tissue discomfort, relief from pain, reduce tension, and help to sedate the nervous system
- Techniques: Stroking, Effleurage, Petrissage, Compressions
- Improves flexibility of the joints and extensibility of periarticular tissues (tissues around a joint), muscles and tendons; beneficial with conditions like shortening of tissues, reduced mobility, injury and neurological conditions.
- PROM (Passive Range of Motion)
- Is useful to diminish the effects of disuse and immobilization. There is no muscle contraction performed, helps to decrease pain and improves rate of recovery.
- Balance Board
- Is used to provide balance and proprioceptive training from the forelimbs or side to side
Here is a link to our Rehabilitation website page
Canine Rehabilitation Comes To Concord
For Immediate Release
Canine Rehabilitation Comes To Concord
Concord, NC – (February 18, 2013) Foster Animal Hospital has been providing Concord with superior veterinary care for over 50 years and is proud to announce certified canine rehabilitation is now available.
Dr. Steve Foster, son of founder Dr. Tom Foster and current co-owner of Foster Animal Hospital, recently became interested in Canine Rehabilitation at a continuing education lecture. “Canine Rehabilitation is very similar to physical therapy and reading about the successes with dogs, I became fully energized to be a part of this exciting new field. I wanted to bring this service to our hospital and our area,” states Dr. Steve Foster. In March 2012, Dr. Foster completed his required courses and completed an internship for certification.
What is Canine Rehab? Basically it is Canine physical therapy. However, physical therapy is a human term; therefore, the appropriate term in veterinary medicine is Canine Rehabilitation. Just as in physical therapy, Canine Rehab helps to restore appropriate functionality to our patients. Whether the issue is due to trauma, a surgical procedure such as anterior cruciate ligament repair, degenerative arthritis, obesity, a neurological issue such as intervertebral disc disease, or others, Canine Rehab can help restore functionality.
After six months of working with local pets and owners, Dr. Foster shared, “The results I have seen have been nothing short of amazing. Patients’ lives have been extended, patients’ quality of life has been markedly improved, and clients are ecstatic that their ‘babies’ are recovering from surgery faster and completely. Geriatric dogs are active and happy again and have a new lease on life. As a veterinary practitioner of almost 28 years, Canine Rehabilitation Therapy is one of the best career decisions I have made. Seeing my patients do so well is especially rewarding. All post-op dogs, neurological cases, and older patients should experience the wonderful benefits of Canine Rehabilitation Therapy.”
Foster Animal Hospital is launching Paws in Motion Canine Rehabilitation Center which will offer full therapy services custom to the pet’s individual needs. From laser to manual therapy, each case is unique. Dr. Foster evaluates each patient to customize a rehab plan in order to reach the owner’s goals for their pet. To find out more, please visit www.fosteranimalhosptial.com or the FAH blog at https://www.fosteranimalhospital.com/blog/
Foster Animal Hospital www.fosteranimalhospital.com
Foster Animal Hospital offers full-service veterinary care and pet services for dogs and cats. We are proud of our more than 50-year reputation in the community, along with our commitment to providing modern, up-to-date veterinary care. Our progressive methods and the latest thinking in pet care make us the #1 choice in Concord, North Carolina
“I made an appointment with Dr. Steve Foster knowing in my heart that Molly, our 13 year old Lab, only had days to live. Her arthritis had become so bad in her left front elbow and her back legs that I could no longer bear to see her suffer. Through the tears, I explained Molly’s problem. Dr. Steve asked me if I would be willing to try rehabilitation/physical therapy. This was the best thing I have ever done for Molly. After several sessions, her limp is gone and her back legs move independently where before the back legs did the old man shuffle. If you have a dog like Molly it is definitely worth doing therapy. It saved her life. Words cannot express our gratitude.”
“Our walk was longer and very interesting. Jackson does not sit or lay down which indicates he is more comfortable walking. HOWEVER, he is showing his stubborn streak of planting his feet and refusing to move when he sees something interesting. Last night it was a neighbor’s garden. He was totally focused and standing with his feet firmly planted. It was very hot and I got a little lax with the leash. He sensed the lack of tension and bounded in the garden. He jumped a rabbit!!! The energy was amazing. He didn’t go far and returned when I called him but it was a Jackson miracle. Afterwards, he turned towards home and was ready for water and a nap!”
“My family took me to see Dr. Foster and he thought that I either had severe arthritis in my back and hips and perhaps some neurological deficits which made use of my legs very difficult. He suggested arthritis medicine and pain medicine and then a new program to make an effort to strengthen my legs through physical therapy and rehabilitation. On Mondays and Wednesdays my dad would put me in the front seat beside him and take me into the hospital and I was met by the nicest girls. I was treated like a queen and got a lot of attention. I had a funny haircut so Dr. Foster could do laser therapy to my hips. I did a little better at first and then I had a bad spell where I almost could not get around at all. We took a couple of weeks off and started working hard again. My daddy was worried that I would not improve. He thought it was time to call in hospice. Dr. Steve and I proved him wrong. Mother was happy as I continue to make improvements over the last two months. I still have periods of stumbling and I need a little help getting up the front steps in the house. I now spend more time in the house and get so much more attention. When I go for walks in the neighborhood the cats stay away from me. Neighbors are amazed at how well I get around. I got a new hairdo and bath for the summer. My parents and sister Diana love me so much probably because they realize how close they were to losing me. I cannot say enough good things about the people at the hospital. They have loved me as much as my parents. Dr. Steve has pushed me hard and made me work for all of my improvement. I owe all of my improvement in the quality of my life to Dr. Steve and the girls. Without the new expertise of Dr. Steve and the compassion of everyone, I would probably not be here. Rejuvenated and Rehabilitated Pup, Cleopatra”
~ Dr. Robert
Meet Stewie! This fine young fella came to us for a second opinion. Stewie had been diagnosed with a torn cruciate ligament in both knees. Ouch! The decision was made to repair the right knee first and once fully healed, repair the left knee.
His surgery was done on January 8 by Dr. Mark Plott here at Foster Animal Hospital. The following is a look at Stewie’s progress through Canine Rehabilitation Therapy.
REHAB Session 1: Stewie returned on January 14 for his first rehab session. At that time, much of the post-op swelling had diminished. He was still carrying his right rear leg “high and tight”. He was protective of the leg, although not in an aggressive manner. He basically didn’t want me to touch the leg much. Some of this was due to remembering pain, but also, he hadn’t developed the trust he needed to have the leg rehabilitated. Initial rehab for cruciate surgery begins with Passive Range of Motion, Flexibility, and Pain relief. So basically for Stewie that day, we did various stretches, other motions that simulate joint and leg movement without bearing weight, and joint compressions. We also massaged Stewie’s tight muscles. To help with pain and healing, he received LASER therapy as well. By the end of the session, Stewie was much more relaxed.
REHAB Session 2: Stewie returned 2 days later for his second session. In just the 2 days since his first session, Stewie was walking, albeit with a limp, on his leg! We repeated all of the same measures from session 1.
REHAB Session 3: Stewie returned the next day for his 3rd rehab session. He was walking even better than the day before! Because he was doing so well, we began very minor strengthening exercises. We also repeated all of the Passive Range of Motion, stretches, compressions, and Laser like we had the first 2 sessions. Because many dogs will not fully use their legs with an ACL rupture, muscle atrophy can occur quickly. Therefore, being able to start strengthening exercises put him way ahead of the game.
REHAB Session 4: Our boy Stewie returned 4 days later for his fourth rehab session. Our treatment for him will be over 8 sessions. So we are halfway there. Stewie bounded from his apartment full of energy and walking without a noticeable limp. What a guy! We continued all of the therapy from the first 3 sessions but began to intensify his strengthening exercises. Bear in mind, these exercises are not haphazard or uncontrolled. Everything we do is measured and done with care as to not harm the surgical repair that was done 13 days before. As we finished the session that day, I remarked to myself what an excellent patient Stewie is!
Please stay tuned as I will recap Stewie’s progress and his status following his remaining 4 Rehab sessions.
Steve Foster, DVM, CCRT
Foster Animal Hospital
Paws In Motion Canine Rehabilitation Center
Concord, NC 28027
Well, I’ve been certified in Canine Rehabilitation since March of this year. With that certification, I now have extra initials after my name- CCRT. (Certified Canine Rehabilitation Therapist) I’ve had the opportunity to work with many great patients and clients here at Foster Animal Hospital. To all of us, Canine Rehab has been a new experience. I’ve tried to use these experiences to, first and foremost, benefit my patients but also to learn and hone my technique and to get a better grasp clinically about what I’m doing. It’s been an excellent 8 months and I am more excited than ever about Canine Rehab.
So, let me tell you why I love Canine Rehab after these last 8 months? First of all, with Rehab Therapy we are reducing and in some instances eliminating pain completely. And pain is a reality to dogs. They oftentimes will not show us when they are painful. Or if they do, we don’t interpret it as pain. Some subtle signs include: decreased activity, sleeping more, keeping to themselves with some to the point of hiding, restlessness especially at night, panting, decreased appetite, weight loss, sighing or moaning when getting up or down, and grumpiness towards owners or other pets. Pain management is a hallmark of Canine Rehab.
Initially, we address pain medically. We as vets are very blessed to have access to many safe medications that make a tremendous difference in our patient’s pain levels. Through rehab, we also address pain with LASER therapy, range of motion techniques, manipulation of restricted joint capsules and muscles, massage, and muscle strengthening. I love the fact that pain-free dogs can now be a reality! I am waging a personal battle on eliminating pain for my patients.
I’ve also observed that obesity is a critical factor for all pets. Obesity is even more of a detriment to those with physical issues. Carrying extra weight creates physical limitations for post-op patients, geriatric patients with degenerative arthritis, and acute or chronic neurological patients. Fat cells also produce hormones that create inflammation within joints. Young, overweight dogs are already being set up for arthritis!
I do not love the fact that obesity is a problem for so many dogs (and people). I do love the fact that through Canine Rehab, we are able to help these dogs lose weight and become more physically fit! I have seen first hand through rehab patients that lose weight, what amazing benefits they reap. Remember the rule of thumb for your dog’s weight- you want to be able to feel ribs without a layer of fat and you want to see a waist starting behind the last rib. If you can’t do either of these with your own pet, well you know…
I love the fact that dogs that are pain free and are an appropriate weight, want to be active! I see this everyday as my rehab patients progress. I see this with my own dog Bunker. (You know, the one that likes to blog) I hear it from the moms and dads that tell me their dog is now jumping in the car again, wants to go on walks, and wants to play more. I love it that they wear me out, wanting to do the exercises and work-outs we create for them! They also can’t wait for manual therapy because they love how it makes them feel, which it makes them feel GOOD! And just like Skinner’s or Pavlov’s or whoever’s dog it was, my rehab patients immediately relax when we put their LASER Doggles on because they know the LASER Therapy really makes them feel good.
So, I hope you see why I love Canine Rehab after 8 months. If your dog fits any of the descriptions above and is painful, let’s love him enough to put an end to that pain!
Until next time,
Steve Foster, DVM, CCRT
Foster Animal Hospital, P.A.
Paws in Motion Canine Rehabilitation Center
I saw these 2 articles and thought I would share. Many of my last articles have dealt with Canine Arthritis and Obesity. These two articles highlight research that may eventually benefit all. Enjoy!
Article one: https://trends.aahanet.org/VetNewsArticle.aspx?key=c5f85f93-9c78-4cc5-921d-56bc24f6ca70
Part Two: https://trends.aahanet.org/NEWStatArticle.aspx?id=NSV10I39&key=d13bdc42-f2e3-45e1-838b-bffb27b638a4
All the best,
Steve Foster DVM, CCRT
The last article I wrote dealt with a much too common condition we see at Foster Animal Hospital: Canine Obesity.
Just as in the human world, the pet world suffers from obesity too. Many of the pets we see here are overweight, ranging from 2-3 pounds to 40-50 pounds of extra mass. As you can imagine, as the weight goes up, the health problems do too. Why?
Well, obviously, the sheer task of carrying extra pounds stresses the entire body. The heart and lungs are stressed due to the extra workload. Other organs, such as the liver and pancreas, can be affected to the point of severe liver disease and diabetes. The skeleton and joints are affected by having to carry the extra load.
We all know how heavy a 40 pound bag of dog food feels. While you read this, you can probably remember what it was like the last time you carried one. For some of us, it may bring back the feeling of relief you had when you set it down! Now imagine you are a Labrador, that should weigh 70 pounds, but instead you weigh 110 pounds. (Don’t laugh, we see it all the time) Or you are a Schnauzer that should weigh 15 pounds and you weigh 30. (That would be like me, 180 pounds, weighing 360 pounds!) For theses dogs, they never get to set that big bag of dog food down. They are carrying that enormous weight around 24 hours a day and 7 days a week. Carrying this extra weight for months and years causes a breakdown of joints and the support structures. Cartilage breakdown occurs. Joints and backs become painful. Activity levels decrease. Muscle mass atrophies. And before you know it, you have a dog that lays around, he’s hurting, he’s tired, and yes, he’s suffering.
To add to the obesity problem, we know that fat cells produce hormones that are inflammatory in nature. And what is the target of their inflammation? You guessed it- joints and even other areas. So, even though the breakdown from carrying too much weight may not occur for months to years , the INFLAMMATION process can start early. And once that cascade starts, it’s hard to turn around. Inflammation leads to pain, which leads to inactivity, etc., etc. In my mind, I see a young and thriving dog engulfed by a giant arthritis snowball, rolling down the mountain out of control until, CRASH, it’s too late.
For me, as a vet and pet owner, the inflammation part of obesity really drives the point home. And that point is, fat is more than just fat. It’s an active, bad-hormone producing machine that is literally destroying our pet’s joint surfaces. And for me, that is enough to know. I waged war on obesity and fat for myself. I have waged war on obesity and fat for my own pets. And I am waging war on obesity and fat for all of my patients. Being too heavy is not fun for Fido!
So what do we do? Well, it starts with the commitment to get our pet’s to their appropriate weight. It begins with a lifestyle change of feeding them what they need, the amount they need, and being able to say no when those big pitiful eyes are staring at us! Once we have that part, which is the hardest part, under control, a regular exercise regimen is in order. Unfortunately for some, that involves a leash and a long walk. Simply going loose in the back yard is not enough. Simply chasing a ball a few times is not enough. (Granted those activities are better than laying by the sofa and eating treats!) Regular brisk exercise is needed to increase the heart rate and boost metabolism. Good regular walks will help build endurance and add muscle mass that helps to shrink those fat cells. (and that’s what actually happens. They shrink but NEVER go away. So any backsliding from controlled diet and exercise will allow them to fill back up with fat!)
However, if your pet is severely overweight, you may need professional help. At Foster Animal Hospital, we can give you guidance on what to do. We can help you understand how overweight your pet may be and offer nutritional guidance to get the ball rolling. We can discuss exercise and help you have a plan in place to help your pet get fit again. If your pet is suffering medically from obesity, we can help make any necessary diagnosis and prescribe treatment that will help him be less painful, happier, and ultimately more active. Possible treatments may include nutraceuticals such as Phycox, prescription medications like Rimadyl, and Certified Canine Rehabilitation. Canine Rehab can include physical rehab therapy and a weight loss exercise program performed at Foster Animal Hospital. Oftentimes, a multi-modal approach is best and gives your beloved pet the best chance to have the highest quality of life possible.
I hope this provides some insight as to why obesity can be so harmful for our beloved pets. Please email me with any questions at: firstname.lastname@example.org. Until then…….
All the best,
Steve Foster, DVM, CCRT
If you answered yes to any of the above, then we need to talk! Any degree of being overweight is more harmful than you may realize to your precious pup. The sheer task of carrying extra weight can create a damaging stress to your pet’s back, hips, knees, shoulders, elbows, virtually any joint! Also, fat cells are inflammatory by nature, which starts the degenerative cascade to arthritis. So by eliminating excess body fat, you really can kill two birds with one stone. Below is an excerpt from our most recent Foster Animal Hospital e-newsletter.
According to a recent survey,* more than half of U.S. dogs and cats are overweight. These pets are at a higher risk for developing serious medical problems, including arthritis, diabetes, breathing problems, and some forms of cancer. So how can you slim down your super-sized pet and reduce the risk of these diseases? The answer is easier than you think.
1. SIZE UP YOUR PET
Ask your veterinarian about your pet’s body condition score (or BCS). Using the BCS scale, your veterinarian can easily determine whether your pet is underweight, overweight, or right on track. As a rule, you should be able to feel (but not see) your pet’s ribs through a thin layer of fat and see a defined “waist” between the ribs and hips.
2. MEASURE MEALS
Too many pet owners simply fill the bowl or estimate how much they’re feeding. But did you know that once a cat has received the calories he needs (typically less than 300 per day), adding just one extra teaspoon of dry food each day can add up to a pound of weight gain in a year? Keep in mind that for the average 10-pound cat, this is a 10 percent weight gain!
Exercise and good nutrition are powerful partners to help your pet live a long and healthy life. For dogs, as little as 20 to 30 minutes of daily brisk walking is all it takes to boost immune function, improve cardiovascular health, and reduce many behavioral problems. For cats, try playing chase (using a laser pointer [avoid the eyes], remote-controlled toy, or ball of paper) for five to 15 minutes each day.
Please call us at (704) 786-0104 with any questions or visit your Pet Portal to learn more.
Foster Animal Hospital, P.A.
I am hopeful these tips help you. As I have been doing Canine Rehab for many months, the dogs that respond the best are those that have a normal body weight. Through our Rehab program, we are able to speed up weight loss as well. My own personal Lab, Bunker, had become too heavy. We put him on a diet, he lost 15 pounds and acted like a new dog. His old arthritic hips have benefited greatly from just the weight loss alone. His weight loss combined with appropriate arthritis medications and physical rehab therapy have definitely improved his quality of life and extended his life. So start your precious pup today. If you’re unsure how to proceed, let us help. There’s no need in reinventing the wheel! Get started!
How many have ever had an older dog that slept a lot? Or a dog that didn’t want to go on walks or play much anymore? Or maybe one that couldn’t jump on the sofa or bed anymore? Or one that had trouble getting up or down? Or a dog that was restless at night, couldn’t lie still for very long, or panted more?
Are all of these signs occurring just because Sparky is getting old? Or are these signs occurring because he is aging with degenerative changes? The truth lies closer to the latter.
Degenerative arthritis can cause any number of signs, some of which are very subtle. Many times clients will remark to me that Sparky doesn’t act like he’s painful. But reality is, all of the signs above are indeed evidence of pain. Dogs are natural survivors, and most don’t verbalize pain as we do. Sure, some may grunt or moan at times, but the more obvious things to look for are the signs mentioned above.
So what can be done about it? Well, a conversation with your veterinarian is the first step. By giving your vet a complete account of all the things your dog is doing, or not doing, allows him or her to begin to solve the puzzle. A thorough exam, that may or may not include lab work and x-rays, is a necessity. Oftentimes, medications will be prescribed for arthritis inflammation and pain. For older dogs, it is important to keep them on this medication to break the pain and inflammation “wind-up” that has occurred over time. Sporadic use of these medications may help but is incomplete compared to consistent use.
Keeping Sparky active is very important. As they say, “use it or lose it”! The key point here is to take your dog on walks, but only as much as he can tolerate. Just as with any exercise program, starting off slow and increasing over time is the proper approach.
Another way to keep Sparky active is through Certified Canine Rehabilitation. Some of my other blogs have given detailed accounts about Canine Rehab. They are available at www.fosteranimalhospital.com. But, in a nutshell, Canine Rehab is similar to physical therapy in people. Canine Rehab is also akin to having your dog’s own personal trainer, just with a medical slant. With rehab, problem areas are identified, and a Rehab Plan is put in place to address inflammation, pain, strength, endurance, obesity, flexibility and balance. Only a Certified Therapist is trained to address these areas through rehab.
So if your “Sparky” fits the bill with any of the above issues, contact us today to get started in solving and resolving some of these issues.
We can be reached at 704-786-0104. My email is email@example.com
Well, you know, hey again. The last time we talked I thought I made it off scot-free with the cheese. Wrong. Got busted. So Tuesday morning my routine (you know eatin’ and sleepin’) was disturbed because dad put me in the truck to go to work with him. I thought, oh great he’s gonna punish me for the cheese-nabbin with sharp needles or ear swabs or make me donate blood for another hound or the dreaded stool loop. Please nooooooo… (Crazy dad loves him some cheese you know) But, nope, none of that. Upon arrival he put me in an apartment and told me to be quiet. So for the next 5 hours the German shepherd across the way and I serenaded the whole resort. It was great!! Of course, that Shep was way off key the entire time, which caused a vocal uproar by the schnauzer, the terrier, the poodle, and the boxer. And of course none of them were on key, which caused an uproar by the firetruck siren when it went by. And of course, the firetruck was off key too! (I wonder what all of them did with the money their moms gave ’em for singing lessons) Geez….
Anyhoo, ’bout 1 or so they come and get me. I’m thinking great here comes the shrapnel. But naw, they took me to the lobby and there was a whole bunch of people in there. And they were eating. Eating people food too! But, do you think they offered me any? Negative. I mean I put on the ole puppy dog eyes and all. Not a scrap. Well, dad was in there and it seems they was having some sort of staph meeting. (I can’t figure why they want to meet about bacteria)
So, he makes me lay down on this cushy thang, in front of everybody. So, I’m thinking dad’s really peeved about the cheese and he’s gonna water board me or something. Well, no sirree bob that weren’t it. He started talking to those folks about something called rehab therapy. And then he started moving one of my legs in all kinds of crazy positions. He put some kind of protractor thingy on me and was calling out all kinds of numbers. He then would wiggle my leg and stretch it, and do strange gyrations and when he was done he did another leg. Well, this continued and then he had me stand and did the same thing to my head and neck and back and even my tail. And before you know it, my old joints were feeling good. I’m talking steal the a burger off the grill good. Heck’ steal a CHEESEburger off the grill good. And all this time I’m thinking dad thought he was punishing me for stealing the cheese, but he’s so dumb he just really fixed me good. I ain’t stove up no more! ( Oh and on the way out, I stole someone’s lunch. shhhhhhhh)
Gotta run. Catch ya later!!
Veterinary rehabilitation begins with the proper diagnosis of injuries, both orthopedic and soft tissue. The rehabilitation-trained veterinarian then uses manual therapy, therapeutic exercise, and physical modalities (including ultrasound, electrical stimulation, LASER, hydrotherapy, and shockwave) to speed and enhance recovery from debilitating injuries and degenerative conditions.
Veterinary rehabilitation incorporates advanced imaging techniques, regenerative medicine, and state-of-the-art pain management techniques.
Only a properly trained veterinarian, with advanced training, expertise- and most importantly- experience in the management of pain and loss of function through injury and illness, should manage the rehabilitation of an animal.
(Reprinted with permission of the AARV)